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How a Hand-Tufted Rug is Made
Hand-tufting rugs is another method of rug making that qualifies as a handmade rug but is not as complex as hand-knotting.
The hand-tufted rug will look very much the same from the top side as a hand-knotted rug, but the craftmanship is very different. To create a hand-tufted rug, a piece of canvas is spread over a frame. The canvas is detailed with a drawing depicting the design and color of the finished rug. A tool, called a tufting gun, is used to punch wool through the canvas. Different color wool is used to create the desired pattern.
The wool is not actually knotted onto the canvas foundation, it is punched through in "U" shaped loops. Because of this, the wool is not as secure on the foundation as wool that is actually tied to the foundation, as in hand-knotted rugs. Once the wool is in place, a piece of fabric is glued to the back to secure the wool to the foundation.
Finally, the pile is cut down to the desired length. Whereas, in a hand-knotted rug the pile can be cut very short or left longer, the hand-tufted rug is typically cut with a longer pile to allow for more security in the pile.
The Look of a Hand-Tufted Rug
Hand-tufted rugs can look just like a hand-knotted rug from the top. Like hand-knotted rugs, they can come in all sizes ranging from small scatter rugs (2x3) to room-size rugs (9x12 or larger). You can also find hand-tufted rugs with the traditional design of Oriental rugs or something much more contemporary. Shown here are some of the hand-tufted rugs you can find in our showroom.
Because the amount of labor and level of skill required to hand-tuft a rug is much less than required to hand-knot a rug, you will find hand-tufted rugs cost much less. Although, the quality is not as good in a hand-tufted rug, and it will not likely last as long as a hand-knotted rug, you can still get the look of a beautiful Oriental rug.