The Persian Qum is an exceptionally beautiful rug. Qum is a city in central Iran, just southwest of Tehran, and considered one of the holiest cities in the country. Although recognized as one of the finest rug-weaving cities in the world, Qum didn't really start weaving rugs until the 1930's. Because of its central location, Qum attracted weavers from all surrounding areas which already had strong histories of rug weaving. These weavers brought with them the styles and designs from their native cultures, thus giving Qum a unique, eclectic design all of it's own. Qum rugs are best know for the high quality silk they use. The extremely fine threads used to weave the rugs allows for incredible detail in the rugs. The rug shown above boasts about 530 knots per square inch, relatively low considering some of the silk rugs from Qum can exceed 1000 knots per square inch. Because of the high knot count and incredible detail, these rugs require more materials and man-hours to complete, thus most rugs from Qum are on the smaller size as opposed to room size. This particular rug measures3'7"x5'1". Another feature in this rug that enhances its beauty is the use of metalic threads in the rug. This practice was used often in the 1500s for rugs woven for palaces throughout the East, but is not so common now, especially given the cost of fine metals. The picture to the left shows a close-up of the gold-like threads woven into the design.